Infinitif seulement en tant qu'objet du verbe en anglais

Infinitif ou Gérondif ?

Objet infinitif

Nous savons qu'en anglais, l'infinitif (to swim) et le gérondif (swimming) ont le droit de se placer après le verbe en tant qu'objet.

Mais, il existe des verbes qui vont accepter seulement un objet infinitif. Parmi eux on retrouve : Agree, Aim, Appear, Arrange, Attempt, Ask, Can't afford, Can't wait, Choose, Claim, Decide, Expect, Fail, Help, Hope, Manage, Plan, Prepare, Pretend, Promise, Prove, Refuse.

Donc il ne faut pas employer le gérondif (forme en -ing) après ces verbes-là.

Exemples

Agree to; Aim to ; Appear to; Arrange to ; Attempt to ; Ask to

  • I don’t agree to go out with him.
  • He aims to capture the people’s imagination.
  • She appears to be against such a proposal.
  • The municipal department will arrange to clear the road.
  • She asked to respect her privacy.
  • They attempt to find a common language.
  • Can’t afford to ; Can’t wait to ; Choose to ; Claim to

  • I can’t afford to pay their wages.
  • I can’t wait to see how it ends.
  • Why did he choose to go?
  • I can’t claim to be an expert on his music.
  • Decide to

  • He decided to take revenge.
  • Expect to

  • We expect to take our decision in late 2012.
  • Fail to

  • I completely fail to understand
  • Help to ; Hope to

  • Being with a few more people should help to push him on.
  • What did you hope to achieve?
  • Manage to

  • Will they managed to find what they want?
  • Plan to ; Prepare to ; Pretend to ; Promise to ; Prove to be

  • We plan to keep going
  • Experts are preparing to take a closer look at the site.
  • We have to pretend to be in control
  • I promise to give you some money
  • Even a small increase in interest rates could prove to be dangerous.
  • Refuse to

  • The whales refuse to communicate with each other.
  • Le choix entre l'infinitif et le gérondif pour l'objet du verbe en anglais. 2015 © Grammaire-Anglaise.com

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